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Sens. Cruz, Scott, Colleagues Introduce Bill to Protect COVID-19 Vaccine Research from Communist China

WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Sens. Ted Cruz (R-Texas) and Rick Scott (R-Fla.), along with Sens. Mike Braun (R-Ind.), Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn.), Joni Ernst (R-Iowa), Martha McSally (R-Ariz.), and Tom Cotton (R-Ark.) today introduced the COVID-19 Vaccine Protection Act to prevent the Communist Chinese Party from stealing or sabotaging American COVID-19 vaccine research. The bill requires a thorough national security evaluation and clearance by the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of State, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation of all Chinese student visa holders taking part in activities related to COVID-19 vaccine research.

This legislation comes as U.S. officials warn American firms to safeguard their research against China and others known for stealing U.S. technology. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security and Britain's National Cyber Security Center recently issued a statement saying hackers are "actively targeting organizations ... that include healthcare bodies, pharmaceutical companies, academia, medical research organizations, and local government." The FBI and the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) also issued a recent public service announcement warning organizations researching COVID-19 of likely insider threat targeting and network compromise by China.

"The same Chinese Communist Party that covered up the coronavirus outbreak also routinely engages in state sponsored theft of intellectual property," Sen. Cruz said. "We cannot allow China to steal or interfere with American research and development of a vaccine. I'm proud to join my colleagues on this important measure to protect American medical innovation and will continue working to counter China's aggression."

"Communist China is responsible for the Coronavirus pandemic, and their lies and misinformation cost American lives," Sen. Scott said. "We cannot let Communist China off the hook for this, and we absolutely cannot allow Communist China to steal or sabotage any American research efforts related to the Coronavirus vaccine. The COVID-19 Vaccine Protection Act protects American efforts to create a vaccine as we work to end this pandemic."

"I know firsthand China doesn't play fair from building a business for 38 years, and their failure to operate on-the-level regarding COVID-19 has caused untold global devastation," Sen. Braun said. "Requiring a thorough national security evaluation and clearance for those taking part in COVID-19 vaccine research who hold visas from China is a small measure we can take to help ensure the safety of our research efforts."

"The Chinese Communist Party is notorious for stealing American technology to make up for China's pitiful inability to self-innovate," Sen. Blackburn said. "We will not stand idly by and watch them steal American vaccine research through spies posing as students, which is why I have led efforts to eliminate Confucius Institutes on college campuses. As we race to find a cure for a virus that has killed nearly 100,000 Americans, we need confidence that the CCP does not harm U.S. efforts to create a vaccine."

"Communist China has a long history of intellectual property theft. As our universities and colleges help find a COVID-19 vaccine, it's imperative we don't let China continue to steal our information," Sen. Ernst said. "We can do that by ensuring our top law enforcement agencies are helping our higher education institutions protect their research."

"Communist China has hacked into American systems to steal research and technology for decades," Sen. McSally said. "Now, Americans are waking up to China's adversarial actions on many fronts with the coronavirus. Our bill aims to protect the United States' COVID-19 vaccine research from China's ongoing attempts to steal our science and harm Americans."

"The Chinese Communist Party wants to steal or sabotage the vaccine for the pandemic it caused," Sen. Cotton said. "The federal government ought to investigate Chinese nationals taking part in vaccine research to prevent this spying, which follows the same playbook Beijing uses to steal our research in other fields of study."

The COVID-19 Vaccine Protection Act:

  • Requires a thorough national security evaluation and clearance by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of State, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of all Chinese student visa holders taking part in activities related to COVID-19 vaccine research, who are currently in the United States before issuing any new student visas to nationals of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
  • Requires DHS, in consultation with State Department, DOJ, FBI, CISA, USCIS, ODNI and HHS, to complete an enhanced vetting of nationals of the PRC currently in the U.S. as nonimmigrants under F, J, or M student visas to determine if any student visa holders are a national security threat.
  • Once the review is complete, authorizes DHS secretary, in consultation with all the above agencies, to continuously monitor all nonimmigrant student visa holders (F, M, J) who are nationals of the PRC while in the U.S. and are engaged in, or have access to, the research of any potential COVID-19 vaccine or COVID-19 related material.
  • Requires a briefing to Congress on the results of the review.


Since the first reports of the coronavirus outbreak in January, when Sen. Cruz called for a travel ban to and from China, Sen. Cruz has called for a fundamental reassessment of the U.S.-China relationship, introducing legislation to hold China accountable for the type of medical censorship that allowed the coronavirus to go global, to combat China's propaganda campaign in the U.S., to counter Chinese espionage, and to end U.S. dependence on China for life-saving medical supplies and rare earth elements and critical minerals used to manufacture our defense technologies. Read more about Sen. Cruz's comprehensive push to unwind the U.S. from China amid the coronavirus pandemic here.




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  1. National Security